British Academy of Film and Television Arts
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is a charity in the United Kingdom that hosts annual awards shows for excellence in film, television, television craft, video games and forms of animation.
The British Film Academy was founded in 1947 by David Lean, Alexander Korda, Carol Reed, Laurence Olivier, Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger, Roger Manvell and other leading figures in the British film industry. In 1958, the Academy merged with the Guild of Television Producers and Directors to form the Society of Film and Television Arts, which eventually became the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 1976.
BAFTA is an independent charity with a mission to 'support, develop and promote the art forms of the moving image, by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners and benefiting the public'. In addition to high-profile awards ceremonies, BAFTA runs a year-round programme of educational events including film screenings, tribute evenings, interviews, lectures and debates with leading industry figures. It is supported by a membership of around 6,500 individuals from the film, television and video game industries. The head office is on Piccadilly in London, but it also has branches in Scotland, in Wales, in New York and in Los Angeles.
These four branches of the Academy initially operated under their own brands - BAFTA Scotland, BAFTA Cymru, BAFTA East Coast and BAFTA Los Angeles. In July 2010, all branches of the Academy were brought together as one fully affiliated BAFTA.
The Academy's awards are in the form of a theatrical mask designed by American sculptor Mitzi Cunliffe, which was commissioned by the Guild of Television Producers and Directors in 1955. It has since become an internationally-recognised symbol of excellence in the art forms of the moving image.
BAFTA has been associated with the British monarchy since The Duke of Edinburgh became the British Film Academy's first president in the 1940s. The Earl Mountbatten of Burma and The Princess Royal have since held this position, and in 2010 Prince William became the newest Academy president.
Awards presented in London
In order for a film to be considered for a BAFTA nomination, its first public exhibition must be in a cinema and it must have a UK theatrical release for no fewer than seven days in the calendar year that corresponds to the forthcoming awards. A film must be feature length and films from all countries are eligible in all categories, with the exception of Outstanding British Film, Outstanding Debut, Short Film and Short Animation which are for British films only.
Rising Star Award
From 1968 until 1997, the BAFTA Film and Television awards were presented
in one joint ceremony known simply as the BAFTA Awards, but, in order
to streamline the ceremonies, from 1998 onwards they were split in two.
The Television Craft Awards are presented for more technical areas of
the industry, such as visual effects, production, and costume design.
The Academy has a long history of recognising and rewarding children's programming, presenting two awards at the 1969 ceremony – The Flame of Knowledge Award for Schools Programmes and the Harlequin Award for Children's Programmes.
Currently, the Awards ceremony includes 19 categories across film, television, video games and online content. Since 2007, the Children's Awards have included a Kids Vote Award voted by children under 14 and a CBBC Me and My Movie award, a children's filmmaking initiative to inspire and enable children to make their own films and tell their own stories.
Since 2010, the awards have included the following categories:
• Breakthrough Talent
In 2003, the volume of interactive forms of entertainment and the breadth
of genres and platforms in video games outgrew the combined ceremony,
and the event was split into the BAFTA Video Games Awards and the BAFTA
Interactive Awards. In 2006, BAFTA announced its decision "to give
video games equal status with film and television", and the Academy
now positions video games as its third pillar of activity in recognition
of its importance as an art form of the moving image.
BAFTA in Scotland is the branch of the Academy located in Glasgow, mainly funded by the principal Scottish broadcasters. Formed in 1997, the BAFTA in Scotland branch holds an annual awards ceremony to recognise achievement by performers and production staff in Scottish film and television. The BAFTA Scotland Awards are separate from the UK-wide British Academy Television Awards and British Academy Film Awards, although films and programmes recognised by BAFTA in Scotland can also sometimes feature at BAFTA's UK awards. BAFTA in Scotland also holds an annual New Talent Awards ceremony focusing on new and emerging Scottish talent in the art forms of the moving image.
Presidents and Vice Presidents
Some of the BAFTA award-winning films we have shown at Biggar Little Cinema